An Infographic is a collection of portraiture, charts, and minimal text that gives an easy to understand overview of a topic.
An infographic (information graphic) is a representation of information in a graphical format that is designed to make the data easily approachable at a glance. Currently, most of us use infographics to speedily communicate a message to simplify the presentation of large amounts of data, to see data models and their relationships to monitor changes in variables over time.
Infographics overcast in almost any public environment - subway maps, traffic signs, tag clouds, musical scores and weather charts are just a few examples.
Show the data
Induce the viewer to think about the substance rather than about methodology, the technology of graphic production and more.
Present many numbers in a small space
Avoid distorting what the data has to say
Serve a reasonably clear purpose: description, exploration, tabulation, or decoration
Encourage the eye to compare different pieces of data
Be closely integrated with the statistical and verbal descriptions of a data set.